In Eating Tomorrow by Timothy A. Wise, published in 2019, he talks about the effects of food on different locations and the effects that the government has on the food. He talks about how research institutions monitor and support African government to invest in the agricultural development. The talks about the creation of seed banks. African farmers have developed intercropping which has led to drought-tolerant crops. He notes that farmers were being pressured to stop farming with their native seeds and turn to genetically modified varieties. Agribusinesses were moving to Africa to use their land. Because of that, native farmers have a lesser chance of seller their goods. Agribusinesses have been able to convince government s that they have the interest of farmers at heart. Agribusiness benefit from their power. He notes that “the myth that we feed the world is the ultimate first world conceit.”
People that move to Africa which promotes a “new colonialism.” Many programs were developed to promote more green energy and business. In 2006 the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development program launched but governments only spent 10% on agriculture.
People started to support more small-scale farmers to grow more food. Maize is very important to the Malawi community. They rely on it to feed families. Farmers decided to move away from hybrid maize and synthetic fertilizers. The Millennium Villages Project was established but greatly criticized for being very cost effective or easily replicable. Farmers learned two things. Yield rises quickly if synthetic fertilizer is applied, and hybrids can grow without fertilizer applications. The development of the world bank and IMF reduce the governments’ role in the economy. People in Malawi are looking for solutions to crops and local maize in their communities.
In Mexico, environmental groups would threaten the maize diversity in Mexico. The Mexican government backed the requests of biotech giants. Maize is very important to the culture. GM crops are controversial. They can’t be planted in any centers of origin and they have high input costs and monopolies. Many chefs are anti-GM. Mining and other projects are incompatible with the four zones. GM maize poses uncontrolled risks to the maize population in Mexico.