Chen, Yong. Chop Suey, USA: The Story of Chinese Food in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.

Coe, Andrew. Chop Suey: a Cultural History of Chinese Food in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Liu, Haiming. “Chop Suey as Imagined Authentic Chinese Food: The Culinary Identity of Chinese Restaurants in the United States.” Journal of Transnational American Studies 1, no. 1 (2009): 1-24.

– – -. From Canton Restaurant to Panda Express: a History of Chinese Food in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2015.

Mendelson, Anne. Chow Chop Suey: Food and the Chinese American Journey. New York : Columbia University Press, 2016.

Chicken Pot Pie


Calta, Marialisa. “The Dish on Chicken Pot Pie,” Fort Scott Tribune (Fort Scott, KS), Dec. 12, 2002.

“In the Kitchen and Pantry: Chicken Pot Pie.” The Evening Star (New York, NY), Mar.18, 1913, p.12.

Ojakangas, Beatrice. Pot Pies. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2003. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/umw/detail.action?docID=310837. Accessed February 25, 2021.  

Olver, Lynn. “Food Pies,” Food Timeline. Accessed February 12, 2021. http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodpies.html.

Snider, Diane. “Carl Swanson.” Douglas County Historical Society, 2009. Accessed Mar. 3, 2021. http://douglascohistory.net/Education_Innovators_Swanson.htm.

Weeks, Kevin. “Restoring the Humble Pot Pie to Its Rightful Place.” National Public Radio. Accessed February 12, 2021. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6949446.

Brunswick Stew


Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria, D.C.), 26 June 1855. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Accessed February 24, 2021.  https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/1855-06-26/ed-1/seq-4/

“Brunswick Stew: The Pride of Brunswick County Virginia.” Directed by Stan Woodward. Folkstreams. 2000. 56 mins, digital stream

Harland, Marion. “Company.” Essay. In Common Sense in the Household : a Manual of Practical Housewifery, 171. Washington, DC: Charles Scribner & Co., 1873. Accessed  March 7, 2021. https://n2t.net/ark:/85335/m54086.

“International Brunswick Stew Cookoff: Digital Traditions”. Knowitall.org. Accessed March 30, 2021. https://www.knowitall.org/video/international-brunswick-stew-cookoff-digital-traditions.

Moss, Robert. “The Complicated History of Brunswick Stew.” Southern Living. Meredith Corporation, 2021. Accessed April 7, 2021. https://www.southernliving.com/bbq/brunswick-stew-history.

The daily dispatch. [volume] (Richmond [Va.]), 06 Oct. 1852. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Accessed February 22, 2021. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024738/1852-10-06/ed-1/seq-3/

The Chapel Hill weekly. [volume] (Chapel Hill, N.C.), 18 Feb. 1960. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Accessed  March 7, 2021. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92073229/1960-02-18/ed-1/seq-4/

The morning news. [volume] (Savannah, Ga.), 25 Feb. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Accessed March 7, 2021. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063034/1899-02-25/ed-1/seq-2/

Tyree, Marion Cabell. “Brunswick Stew, Gumbo, and Side Dishes.” Essay. In Housekeeping in Old Virginia, 211–32. Richmond, VA: J. W. Randolph & English, 1878. Accessed Febuary 23, 2021. https://n2t.net/ark:/85335/m5qt0q.

American Made Cheddar Cheese


“A Brief History of America’s Appetite for Macaroni and Cheese | History | Smithsonian Magazine.” Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/brief-history-americas-appetite-for-macaroni-cheese-180969185/.

“CHEEZ WHIZ | Kraft Heinz Foodservice.” Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.kraftheinz-foodservice.com/products/0000070274/cheez-whiz.

NPR.org. “Cheez Whiz Helped Spread Processed Foods. Will It Be Squeezed Out?” Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/03/29/395809212/cheez-whiz-helped-spread-processed-foods-will-it-be-squeezed-out.

“Kraft Macaroni & Cheese: A History – Chicago Tribune.” Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-xpm-2010-08-14-ct-biz-0815-mac-side2-20100814-12-story.html.

Rhodes, Jesse. “Marvelous Macaroni and Cheese.” Smithsonian Magazine. Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/marvelous-macaroni-and-cheese-30954740/.

Telford, Taylor. “Kraft’s Iconic American Cheese Is Losing Ground in Today’s America.” Washington Post. Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/02/22/krafts-iconic-american-cheese-is-losing-ground-todays-america/.

“Who Made That Kraft Single? – The New York Times.” Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/03/magazine/who-made-that-kraft-single.html.


Kurlansky, Mark. The Food of a Younger Land: a Portrait of American Food: before the National Highway System, before Chain Restaurants, and before Frozen Food, When the Nation’s Food Was Seasonal, Regional, and Traditional: from the Lost WPA Files. New York, NY: Riverhead Books, 2009.

Randolph, Mary, and Janice Bluestein Longone. The Virginia Housewife or, Methodical Cook: a Facsimile of an Authentic Early American Cookbook. New York, NY: Dover, 1993.

Fisher, Abby, and Karen Hess. What Mrs. Fisher Knows about Old Southern Cooking: Soups, Pickles, Preserves, Etc.: in Facsimile with Historical Notes. Bedford (Mass.), MA: Applewood Books, 1995.

Russell, Malinda, and Janice Bluestein Longone. A Domestic Cook Book: Containing a Careful Selection of Useful Receipts for the Kitchen by Malinda Russell, an Experienced Cook, Paw Paw, Michigan, 1866: a Facsimile of the First Known Cookbook by an African American. Ann Arbor, MI: William L. Clements Library, 2007.



Diner, Hasia R., and DINER, Hasia R.. 2003. Hungering for America : Italian, Irish, and Jewish Foodways in the Age of Migration : Italian, Irish, and Jewish Foodways in the Age of Migration. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Accessed March 20, 2021. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Easterbrook-Smith, Gwyn. 2021. By Bread Alone: Baking as Leisure, Performance, Sustenance, During the COVID-19 Crisis, Leisure Sciences, 43:1-2, 36-42, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2020.1773980

Levy, Esther, Mrs, and Katherine Golden Bitting Collection On Gastronomy. Jewish cookery book, on principles of economy, adapted for Jewish housekeepers, with the addition of many useful medicinal recipes and other valuable information, relative to housekeepers and domestic management. Philadelphia, W.S. Turner, 1871. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/08023650/.

Raphael, Marc Lee. 2005. Judaism in America. New York: Columbia University Press. Accessed March 20, 2021. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Russ & Daughters Cafe. Accessed April 6, 2021. https://www.russanddaughterscafe.com/#history-section.

The American Jewish world. [volume] (Minneapolis ;), 18 Feb. 1921. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78004468/1921-02-18/ed-1/seq-2/>

The Southern Jewish weekly. [volume] (Jacksonville, Fla.), 03 Oct. 1947. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000090/1947-10-03/ed-1/seq-3/>

Ahi Poke


Garcia, Miki. takahashimarket.com. Accessed April 30, 2021. https://takahashimarket.com/history/

Gavelek, Fern. “The wow factor of Chef Sam Choy.” keolamagazine.com. Accessed April, 30 2021.https://keolamagazine.com/people/chef-sam-choy/

Nicholas, Noel. “The Poke Craze Hits SoCal.” HanaHou.com. Accessed March 4, 2021 .https://hanahou.com/19.4/la-raw#:~:text=In%202010%2C%20when%20Trish%20and,poke%2Dfocused%20restaurant%20in%20LA.

Talwar, Kalei. “Recipe: Make Hawaii-Style Ahi Poke Wherever You Are.” HawaiiMagazine.com. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://www.hawaiimagazine.com/recipe-make-hawaii-style-ahi-poke-wherever-you-are/

The Pretzel


Barton County Democrat (Great Bend, Kansas). “Household Brevities.” January 15, 1891, vol. 7.

Gay, Kathlyn and Gay, Martin. “Pretzels.” The Encyclopedia of North American Eating and Drinking Traditions, Customs, and Rituals. 201. California: ABC-CLIO Inc., 1996.

“Humble Pretzel Roots- Caring for Other People is Our Purpose.” Auntie Anne’s Home Page. Accessed April 24, 2021. https://www.auntieannes.com/our-story

Katz, Solomon H., and Weaver, Woys William. The Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, Vol.2, 547. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 2003.

“Our Story.” Snyder’s of Hanover Home Page. Accessed April, 2021. https://www.snydersofhanover.com

Sunbury American (Sunbury, Pa.) “New Family Grocery, Flour, Feed and Provision Store. Seasholtz and Petery.” December 15, 1855, Image 4.

Zanger, Mark H. “Pretzel.” The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink, edited by Andrew F. Smith. 255-258, 477-478, 544. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Potato Chip

Burhans, Dirk E.. Crunch! : A History of the Great American Potato Chip, University of Wisconsin Press, 2008. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/umw/detail.action?docID=3444932.

Kitchiner, William. The Cook’s Oracle. N.p., Applewood Books, 2008.

California Roll

Advanced Fresh Concepts Franchise Corporation. “About AFC – AFC Sushi.” Advancedfreshconcepts.com, 2017. https://advancedfreshconcepts.com/about-afc/.

“Corporate History | New York Mutual Trading Co., Inc.” Nymtc.com, 2017. https://nymtc.com/about-us/corporate-historymutual-trading-company-inc/.

Issenberg, Sasha. The Sushi Economy: Globalization and the Making of a Modern Delicacy. New York, N.Y.: Gotham Books, 2008.

Mansfield, Becky. “‘Imitation Crab’ and the Material Culture of Commodity Production.” Cultural Geographies 10, no. 2 (April 2003): 176–95. https://doi.org/10.1191/1474474003eu261oa.

Sherman, Gene. “Eel, Seaweed in Sandwich.” The Los Angles Times, December 29, 1957.

Sterling, Justine. “The History of Sushi in America.” Michelin Guide, November 15, 2019. https://guide.michelin.com/us/en/article/features/sushi-history-america-los-angeles.


“Jell-O,” in Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America, edited by Andrew F. Smith. Vol. 1. 732-734. New York City: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Grey, Sarah. “A Social History of Jell-O Salad: The Rise and Fall of an American Icon.” Food History. Serious Eats. https://www.seriouseats.com/2015/08/history-of-jell-o-salad.html.

Irene, Kim A., Jack Houston. “How Jell-O went from holiday dinner staple to having slipping sales.” Insider, November 25, 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/rise-and-fall-of-jell-o-gelatin-snacks-2019-12.

Philadelphia Cheesesteak

“About Us.” Geno’s Steaks. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://www.genosteaks.com/about/ 

“About Us.” Tony Luke’s. Accessed March 15, 2021. https://tonylukes.com/about/ 

LaBan, Craig. “Craig LaBan’s 2002 Cheesesteak Project: How They Scored.” The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 13, 2009. Accessed April 9, 2021. https://www.inquirer.com/philly/food/restaurants/20090713_Craig_LaBan_s_2002_Cheesesteak_Project__How_They_Scored.html 

Loro, Laura. “King of Cheesesteaks Maps Out New York Realm.” Crain’s News Service, April 3, 1989. Accessed March 10, 2021. Nexis Uni.

Mondon, Marielle. “Philly’s Most Underrated Cheesesteaks.” Thrillist, October 29, 2014. Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.thrillist.com/eat/philadelphia/underrated-cheesesteak-philly-cheesesteak 

“Our History.” Pat’s King of Steak’s. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://www.patskingofsteaks.com/history

Stevens, William K. “About Philadelphia: Where Cheese Steaks Are King, One Family Has Assumed The Crown.” New York Times, November 16, 1985. 

“Where to Find the Best Cheesesteaks in Philadelphia.” Visit Philadelphia. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://www.visitphilly.com/articles/philadelphia/top-10-spots-for-authentic-philly-cheesesteaks/


Collard Greens